印度節日探源 – Sankranti

( 豐收節 / 桑格蘭提節 )

 

 

錫呂瑪塔吉曾提過,我們要認識這節日就從幾處不同來源收集得一些資料,讓大家結合來學習。加上剛找回去年 (2006年1月14日)的電郵供大家參考。

 右圖是於中囯工作的印裔練習者夢實( 去年 )2006年1月傳來的電子賀卡。圖中美食就是印度人過這節時吃的甜品。

以下插圖來自外國電郵, 2005年在母親大宅搞了一次 Sankrantri 普祭, 插圖拍自當日現埸。

最後附上母親的相關講話。

 

 

 

 

(1) 從網上找到的資料 

Sankranti

 

A. (t2india 印度旅遊网站 之 印度一般性节日”) http://www.yindu.info/india_festivals.php

 

「...大概只有印度的节日是这个特定的日期,每年的114日。这个时间正是太阳改变他的轨道向北半球移动的日子。 就是我们大家通常知道的冬至 [註 ]。这一天整个国家用不同的方式来庆祝。只是名字上的不同而已。在印度的南部地区这一天叫做PONGAL,在这一天人们庆祝庄稼丰收,并且割下第一季水稻。在印度北部地区以前把这一天叫做LOHRI,人们点燃火把围在一起唱歌跳舞。人们还用椰子糖和不同的坚果制成糖果来抵御冬日的寒冷。在印度西部地区有的人在这一天放风筝来庆祝这个节日。在古吉拉特邦的艾哈买巴德城市每年举行一个盛大的风筝节,届时有不同国家的爱好者来参与。.....」

 

 [ 網主註 : 這一點本網編輯不同意,根本是兩個不同日子 ]

 

B. (t2india 印度旅遊网站 之 南部節日”) http://www.yindu.info/south-india-festivals.php

 

「.....风筝盛会Makar Sankranti在安得拉邦一个特殊地方举行。它也是一个丰收节,共持续3天,于1月中旬举行。第一天叫博给伊,等待游客们的是一片欢声笑语,第二天是萨卡兰提,许多家庭在这一天筹备一场玩偶秀并邀请朋友们共同欢度,他们还会施舍救济物给贫困人民。第三天叫鹿沼,人们要在这一天对动物们感恩,他们精心打扮并参拜那些牲畜。.....」

 

 

C. 印度和世界音樂文化入口網  http://www.indianandworldmusic.net/Culture/a0011.php

 

「.....印度的風箏節慶不少,其中有名的是拉佳斯坦的沙漠風箏節。這個風箏節,兩年舉辦一次,慶祝新年第一個太陽普照大地的節慶,印度又稱為山可藍尼( Sankranti) 節。這一天,不分老少,統統外出看風箏比賽,在 Jaipur 及附近週邊的三個城市,天空佈滿各色各樣的風箏,爭奇鬥艷。屋頂上站滿放風箏的鬥士, 打鼓助陣……皆大歡喜。風箏節通常持續好幾天……。慶典期間,到處聲歌達旦,傳統蒙兀兒王公後裔的拉加斯坦 (Rajasthan) 的歌謠、舞蹈令人目不暇給,精緻的手工藝品,布料,日用品,農耕器具,一應具全,也是當地人趕集的大日子。......」

 

 

D. 印度见闻录 - 【 磨 房 论 坛 】http://www.doyouhike.net/forum/57073,0,0,1.html

 

「.......今明两天是南印度的传统节日丰收节。其重要程度相当于我们的春节。全体员工都放假……丰收节叫Sankranti,又称Pongal。印度所有的节日都跟月亮的位置相关,惟独丰收节例外,它跟太阳的位置相关。

丰收节里,人们载歌载舞,喜气洋洋,施舍食物给穷困者,放风筝,走亲戚。第三天的大清早,在各主要街道的交汇点燃起篝火,烧掉废物,祈求火神驱走邪恶,降临福祉。 很多民居门前沙地上绘着象征印度教的五彩葵花。所有的牛都被打扮得光鲜夺目,送到神庙和田间,然后享受丰盛的大餐。人们在家里煮牛奶,还故意任它溢出来,以示富足。一路上甘蔗摆满大街,甚至见到公交车头挂两根大甘蔗招摇过市。

看来不同的民族对幸福生活的形象化思维却是惊人的相似:中国--甜如蜜糖,犹太人--牛奶和蜜糖流淌的地方,印度--满目的甘蔗和流溢的牛奶。 ……」

 

 

 E. 維基百科網 (英文)  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makar_Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is a mid-winter festival of India. The day celebrates the northward journey of the Sun.

Sankranti means the day the Sun enters a new zodiac sign according to Hindu astrology. There is a Sankranti for every month of the year. Makar means Capricorn. Makar Sankranti is the day the Sun enters Capricorn. The reason why Makar Sankranti is celebrated more than any other is that it marks the day the Sun starts moving north and the auspicious half of the year characterised by increasing daylight begins.

The celebration is similar to winter solstice celebrations in other ancient cultures. Instead of the celebrating on the day of the Winter Solstice - Makar Sankranti is celebrated on January 14, the day the Sun enters the next zodiac sign according to Hindu astrology.

Makar Sankranti is celebrated in regional festivals all over India. Some of the regional celebrations that take place on Jan 14th are:

Many Melas or fairs are held on Makar Sankranti the most famous being the Kumbh Mela, held every 12 years at one of four holy locations, namely Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Ujjain and Nadiad. The Magh Mela (or mini-Kumbh Mela held annually at Prayag) and the Gangasagar Mela (held at the head of the Ganges River, where it flows into the Bay of Bengal).

The festival is celebrated by the flying of kites in most of northern India.

Makar Sankranti falls on January 14 on non-leap years and on January 15 on leap years. It is the only Hindu festival which is based on the Solar calendar rather than the Lunar calendar. The day is a holiday in the state of Gujarat.

Makara Sankranti is celebrated in Kerala at Sabarimale where the Makara Jyothi is visible followed by the Makara Vilakku celebrations.

Kites are flown for most of the day in the region. The objective of this sport is to cut as many rival kites as possible to attain air superiority. Additionally, a cut kite may be also picked up by another kite giving the collector a free kite. The diamond shaped kites come in various designs. The thread, known as manja is sharpened with finely crushed glass pieces. The season also is perfect for spending a day in a sun. The season is windy, making it ideal for kite flying. At night special lantern kites with candles embedded are flown which give the skies an eerie feeling.

In Maharashtra, when two Maharashtrians greet each other or visit each other during Makar Sankranti, they exchange Tilache Ladoo - a special sweet made for this day. When they give the ladoo to an elder they do namaskar and say "til gul ghya, ani god god bola" (let us be sweet to each other and let friendship prevail between us).Til or sesame seeds is one of the important ingredients in this festival. The married ladies in Maharashtra arrange "haldi kum kum", an auspicious religious get together by way of which they call upon their friends and relatives and distribute sweets and gifts.

 

(2) 霎哈嘉電郵整理

2006/1/14

各位:
幾年來偶爾聽到有印度及西方練習者提及年頭的 Sankranti Puja, 但沒有國際聚會, 因而一直沒有理會, 也沒有華人去考究。令天得加拿大的 Ioanna 整理幾年的資料合併發出, 加上今天也有印度練習者來郵交流時也順便提及, 才立即在星期五聚會簡介。

重點摘要
:

 1. Makar Sankranti是與太陽有關的大重要印度節日,這天太陽從南半球移到(剛進入)北半球,
2.
原來錫呂瑪塔吉曾提過我們要認識這節日
 3.
印度大陸農田因太陽而有收穫, 故這也是以豐盛、甜美、開心為主軸的節期
4. 
神話中也有稱 Sankranti 女神為蔬菜之神, 故當天有普祭的話會擺滿大量生果和蔬菜作裝飾布置
5.
古史詩中太陽神有108名號

6.
幾篇錫呂瑪塔吉教導總結:

a.      Makar Sankranti 的意思是 'Sankraman' , 即"那個會帶來改變的一天";

b.     因節日是以太陽位置來位來定, 故都在每年陽曆1月14日;

c.      Sankranti的意思是太陽的力量。太陽力量指的是自信。太陽給我們熱和光。我們要自己選擇,要給太陽的熱燒焦,還是從它的光而獲得自信, 變成容光煥發?

d.     「怎麼會有些人因為陽脈而會這麼熱,(太右脈) 呢。嘗試保持平衡,並懇求太陽幫忙保持清涼;

e.      太陽的熱令人類憤恨……在我們的六個敵人中, 憤怒是最壞的一個。我們是霎哈嘉瑜伽士, 靈量也已被喚醒了,所以必須要學會保持平靜。

f.       身為霎哈嘉瑜伽士, 要知這日的重要

g.      太陽就是額輪,這天我們要潔淨額輪……你必須要寬恕別人,然後好好專注靈量升進的力量。

h.      「就是這個原因我們會吃jaggery (以棕梠樹汁提煉的粗糖),好使我們說話也甜蜜。」2002

i.        普祭中可崇拜太陽

( 附2002及2003年Sankranti Puja錫呂瑪塔吉英文講詞

 Jay Shri Mataji

Dear all,

Only aware of the significance of this festival after reading the good compilation by Ioana of Canada, and email of another India yogi, though we have heard of this puja in the last 3 years (so far no international puja, so not quite aware of it). It was generally agreed on Friday to have a small scale of Sankranti Puja at 6:00pm on Saturday 14 Jan at the CausewayBay Hong Kong Center , followed by a General Meeting of yogis, to plan ahead for the whole year. Please try your best to attend, and bring some fruits and vegetables.

 edwin



-------- Original Message --------

Subject:

Sankranti: "The Day that Brings Some Change" is This Saturday when Shri Mataji arrives in Australia !

Date:

Thu, 12 Jan 2006 23:40:57 -0500

From:

Ioana Popa

To:

<"Undisclosed-Recipient:;"@cogeco.net>

 

All about Makar Sankranti Puja  (Makar Sankranti is 'Sankraman' i.e. the day that  brings about some change")

 which  is  also  called  as 

Shri Shakambari Puja (Goddess  for  the  vegetable ( Shaka – vegetable &  Shakambari Devi  - the goddess  of  the  vegetables )

 

Dear Family,

Please, read all about as Shri Mataji requested that we all should know the importance of this day. And you'll find many answers, and clear indications about "what to do" on this day, so forget about having a "worldly" weekend. IT IS SPECIAL, make it so!

 

Below (and in the files attached) is sahaj info gathered from the previous years.. 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 and about the Hebrew/Jewish (remember Agnya( Israel ) mentioned by Shri Mataji to be cleared on this day!)  holyday of Tu-Bishvat which also celebrates a special thanks to the mother earth and the fruits .. celebrated quite closer to this date.

 

Also attached is a wonderful  photo with Shri Mataji from a previous Sankranti puja.

 

Yours,

Ioana

 

Quotes about Sankranti Day from Shri Mataji's talks:

 

  • "The meaning of Makar Sankranti is 'Sankraman' i.e. the day that  brings about some change"
  • "Makar Sankranti is based on the position of the sun and that is the reason this festival is celebrated every year on 14th January. "
  • "Sankranti means power of the sun. Sun-power means self confidence.  Sun gives us heat and light.  Now it depends on us whether  to get scorched from the heat of the sun or gain self-confidence from  the light of the sun and become radiant."
  • "How some of us get too Hot, (excessive right-sidedness) due to the Sun channel. Try to be in balance and ask the Sun to help in keeping cool."
  • "The heat of the sun makes a human being angry... Among  the six enemies (Shudripus) of our being,  the anger is the worst.  We are Sahaja yogis and our Kundalini is awakened.  Therefore we must learn to remain calm
  • She said as a Sahaj Yogi you should know the importance of this day.
  • The Sun is on the Agnya Chakra. On this day we have to clear our Agnya Chakra. ...You should forgive others. 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Letter sent by Hari about Sankranti Puja, 2003 ..see attached the original

 

"On 14th of January there were about 20 of us at Shri Mataji's daughter's house to celebrate Makar Sankranti Puja. We started decorating the living hall and after about 2 hours, one could not recognise the place. We had flowers, fruits and vegetables (This is also known at Shakambari Devi Puja) and also organised an outside caterer.

At about 7.45 pm , Shri Mataji came and was looking marvelous and very fresh - like a true Goddess. She talked about the Sun channel. How we should now worship the Sun and how the Sun protects us during hot summer months. India being an agricultural country, was very dependent on the Sun. How some of us get too Hot, (excessive right-sidedness) due to the Sun channel. Try to be in balance and ask the Sun to help in keeping cool. She Mataji also mentioned that this is the day which is based on the Sun and it never changes, every year Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14th Jan. The vegetables are grown and the farmer is dependent on the Sun God who also creates the Rain. So best to be a worshipper of the Sun and ask for His help in keeping you cool.

After this, Shri Mataji asked us to perform an Aarti and asked if there was a Harmonium - a very unfortunate situation for us. Then Shri Mataji asked if any one of us had any questions ?? Of course not!! A lovely small puja! She then asked all of us to have dinner after the Prasad.

She waited until all of us had had the Prasad dinner and then we sat around Shri Mataji for 15-20 min. and chatted about the local state of affairs of the Govt. of Maharashtra - (a new Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde was today appointed in place of Deshmukh).

We all cleaned up the place and left at about 10.30 pm after a most enjoyable Sankranti Puja ever. " 

 

2. From Rahul, sent about Sankranti Puja, 2004

"rani varde"   16.01.04 
> >
> >Sent:
Thursday, January 15, 2004 6:34 PM
> >Subject: Sankranti Puja in Pune
> >
> >Dear All,
> >
> >I just came back from the Sankranti Puja, which took place at Pratishthan, Pune.
> >
> >We were present at the puja place from
6pm . The Puja preparations were made in a hall near to Shri Mataji's room. Shri Mataji came in the hall around  6.45-7pm (not very sure of the timing!!!). We sang "Aagat Swagat"bhajan on her arrival. She told about the day of Sankranti and its importance from Sahaj Yoga point of view.
> >
> >On this (generally 14th) day the Sun enters the North Hemisphere from the South Hemisphere. Most of the days (events) are related to the movements of the moon. This day of Sankranti is the only event,which is related to the Sun. She said that Sun is the most important from our life point of view.
> >Nothing starts till the Sun rises. When we are in the night  time (or in the dark) we cannot do any thing.
> >
> >
She said as a Sahaj Yogi you should know the importance of this day. The Sun is on the Agnya Chakra. On this day we have to clear our Agnya Chakra.
> >You should forgive others. She said people say that they have forgiven; but they do not do so from the bottom of their hearts. Jesus Christ had also told about Forgiveness. Once you forgive others you feel a great happiness in your heart. By forgiving you should try to concentrate on the rising of your Kundalini power. Those who have made mistakes, will suffer..those who have said something will keep saying; But you should keep attention on the rising of your Kundalini power.
> >
> >She gave blessings to every one.
> >
> >
After the speech she asked to perform the puja by putting the rose petals on her holy feet. Once it was over she asked to distribute those petals to everyone present there.
> >Some gifts from some Sahaj Yogi's were presented to Shri Mataji. She praised the glass painintgs made by Mrs.Sinnarkar from Thane. After vibrating the Puja prasad she went back to her room.
> >
> >It was a very small Puja. I have tried to put in words whatever I remembered.
> >
> >Warm Regards,
> >
> >Rahul
>
JAI Shri Mataji !!!

 

 

 

 

1. From George , Canada comes this reminder of Oneness...

 

Hello Ioana,

 

Very interesting the association of this e-mail, the Sakumbhari Devi, with the Hebrew/Jewish holyday of Tu-Bishvat which also celebrates a special thanks to the mother earth and the fruits. The holyday is a few weeks away.

 

Coincidence?????????????? I think not! :)

 

Jai Shri-Mataji,

George

 

 

 

2. Via Rabi , India a SYi's experience from Makar Sankranti Puja- Shri Shakambari Puja 2005

 

!!! Jai Shri Mataji !!!

On  Friday,  I  could  attend  Makar Sankranti Puja   which  is  also  called  as  Shri Shakambari Puja,  held  Friday  night ( 14th January 2005  between  approximately  9.45 to  10.15 ).

It  was  just  Mother’s  Divine  love  that  made  it  possible  for  me  to  attend  this  great  event.  Actually  there  was  no  chance  of  me  being  there  because  now,    So  only  restricted  people  are  given  a  chance  to  enter  the  Palace  and  do  the  Puja.

But  this  time,  I  got  a  chance  because  of  my  flute.   Before  I  could go  there,  I  prayed  about  my  incapabily  and  also  lack  of  practice  for  this  program.  But  some  how  it  worked  out  and  ended  with  ‘’  me  attending  the  program  without  performing  flute  for  this  Puja “.  This  was  really  miraculous.

When  we  reached  Pratishthan,  there  were  around  5 more  people  from  Mumbai.  These  were  the  yogis  who  are  Professionals  in  the  Flower  &  vegetable  decoration.  Since  this  Puja  was  offered  to  the  Goddess  for  the  vegetable ( Shaka – vegetable &  Shakambari Devi  - the goddess  of  the  vegetables ),  these  people  were  decorating.   When  I  saw  this,  the  attention  just  reached  Sahasrara  without  any  efforts..  it  was  really  something  great..  apart  from  this,  there  were  beautiful  ornaments  made  of  Sugar,  nicely  decorated  bangles  &  necklace.

We  tried  to  help  these  people  clearing  the  garbage  etc.

Then  we  waited  for  message  from  Shri Mataji for  Puja.

Around  9.00 PM   we  were  called  inside.  We  were  taking  all  the  things  inside..  we  meditated  sitting  outside, in  a  hall  and  the  trusties  and  the  cameramen  went  inside  for  the  Puja.  They  offered  everything  to  Shri  Mataji  and  She  was  very  happy  to  see  all  People  around and said  that  She  was  very  happy  in  this  manner  after  so  many  days.  When  the  cameramen  were  taking   the  pictures,  Shri  Mataji  told  them  to  take  pictures  of  the  nice  decoration  of  the  Fruits  and  vegetables.

Then  we  came  out,  offered  pranam  to  mother  and  went  to  kitchen  hall  for  the  dinner.

Please  see  the  pictures  below.

it  was  really  fantastic.  I was  suppose  to  write  this  two  days  back,  but  couldn’t  find  time  to  write.

You  can  forward  the  pictures  to  others, 

!!! Jai Shri Mataji !!! 

==== and general info (not sahaj) about this Celebration with the 108 names of Shri Surya =================

 

From The Mahabharata Vana Parva, Section III, Translated by Sri Kisari Mohan Ganguli


Vaisampayana said: Thus it is that the sun is the father of all creatures. Do thou, hence, take refuge even in him. O illustrious one, listen to the one hundred and eight names (of the sun) as they were disclosed of old by Dhaumya to the high souled son of Pritha.
One hundred and eight names of the sun ....


The Brahma - Purana says:

The word aditya also means the sun. The twelve adityas are nothing but different forms of Surya. Their names are Indra, Dhata, Parjanya, Tvashta, Pusha, Aryama, Bhaga, Vivasvana, Vishnu, Amashumana, Varuna and Mitra, As Indra, Surya destroys the enemies of the gods.

As Dhata, he creates living beings.

As Parjanya, he showers down rain.

As Tvashta, he lives in the trees and herbs.

As Pusha, he makes foodgrains grow.

As Aryama, he is in the wind.

As Bhaga, he is in the body of all 0living beings.

As Vivasvana, he is in fire and helps to cook food.

As Vishnu, he destroys the enemies of the gods.

As Amshumana, he is again in the wind.

As Varuna, Surya is in the waters and as Mitra, he is in the moon and in the oceans.

In each month of the year, it is a different aditya who shines. Indra shines in the month of Ashvina, Dhata in Kartika , Parjanya in Shravana, Tvashta in Falguna, Pusha in Pousha, Aryama in Vaishakha, Bhaga in Magha, Vivasvana in Jyaishtha, Vishnu in Chaitra, Amshumana in Ashada, Varuna in Bhadra and Mitra in Agrahayana. Vishnu has twelve hundred rays, Aryama one thousand and three hundred, Vivasvana seventy-two, Amshumana fifteen, Parjanya seventy-two, Varuna one thousand and three hudnred, Tvashta one thousand and one hundred, Indra two thousand and two hundred, Dhata eleven hundred, Mitra one thousand and Pusha nine hundred. Apart from the names of the twelve adityas, Surya has twevle other names as well. These are Aditya, Savita, Surya, Mihira, Arka, Prabhakara, Martanda, Bhaskara, Bhanu, Chitrabhanu, Divakara and Ravi .

Brahma once recounted to the sages the one hundred and eight sacred names of Surya. The Brahma Purana lists these names and we reproduce them in nine groups of twelve names each.

(1) Surya, Archana, Bhagavana, Tvashta, Pusha, Arka, Savita, Ravi , Gabhastimana, Aja, Kala, Mrityu.

(2) Dhata, Prabhakara, Prithivi, Jala, Teja, Akasha, Vayu, Parayana, Soma, Brihaspati, Shukra, Budha.

(3) Angaraka, Indra, Vivasvana, Diptamshu, Shuchi, Shouri,Shanaishvara, Brahma, Vishu, Rudra, Skanda, Vaishravana.

(4) Yama, Vaidyuta, Jathara, Agni, Aindhana, Tejohapti, Dharmadhvaja, Vedakarta, Vedanga, Vedavahana, Krita, Treta.

(5) Dvapara, Kali, Sarvasurashraya, Kala, Kashtha, Muhurta, Kshapa, Yama, Kshana, Samvatsara, Ashvattha, Kalachakra.

(6) Vibhavasu, Shashvata, Purusha, Yogi, Vyaktavyakta, Sanatana, Kaladhyaksha, Prajadhyaksha, Vishvakarma, Tamonuda, Varuna, Sagara.

(7) Amsha, Jimuta, Jivana, Ariha, Bhutashraya, Bhutapati, Sarvalokanamaskrita, Shrashta, Samvartaka, Vahni, Sarvadi, Alolupa.

(8) Anata, Kapila, Bhanu, Kamada, Sarvotamukha, Jaya, Vishala, Varada, Sarvabhutasevita, Mana, Suparna, Bhutadi.

(9) Shighraga, Pranadharana, Dhanvantari, Dhumaketu, Adideva, Aditinandana, Dvadashatma, Ravi , Daksha, Pita, Mata, Pitamaha.

 

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About Makar Sankranti

    Makar Sankranti marks the commencement of the Sun's journey to the Northern Hemisphere (Makara raasi ), signifying the onset of Uttarayana Punyakalam, and is a day of celebration all over the country. The day begins with people taking holy dips in the waters and worshipping the Sun.

    Traditionally, this period is considered an auspicious time and the veteran Bhishma of Mahabharata chose to die during this period. Bhishma fell to the arrows of Arjun. With his boon to choose the time of his death, he waited on a bed of arrows to depart from this world only during this period. It is believed that those who die in this period have no rebirth.

    The Indo Gangetic plain begins this day with taking dips in the Ganga and offering water to the Sun god. The dip is said to purify the self and bestow punya. Special puja is offered as a thanksgiving for good harvest. According to folklore, girls who take the holy dip get handsome husbands and boys get beautiful brides.

    Til and Rice are two important ingredients of this festival. In the rice-eating belt of Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh, people have a special rice-centric meal on this day. Also known as Gangasagar Mela, on this day, people come from all over India for a ceremonial cleansing in the river Hooghly , near Calcutta .

    Maharashtra - when two persons greet each other on this festive day, they exchange a few grains of multi-coloured sugar and fried til mixed with molasses and say "til gud ghya, god god bola" (henceforth, let there be only friendship and good thoughts between us).

    Gujarat - the pandits consider Sankranti as an auspicious day to grant scholarships and certificates of merit to students who have successfully completed their studies in philosophy. In a Hindu household, new utensils are purchased and used for the first time. Brightly coloured kites dot the skies on this day.

    Karnataka - men, women and children attired in colourful tunics visit friends and relatives and exchange pieces of sugarcane, a mixture of fried til, molasses, pieces of dry coconut, peanuts and fried gram. The significance of this exchange is that sweetness should prevail in all the dealings. As part of the festival, cows and bulls are given a wash and the horns are painted with bright colours and decorated with garland, and are taken in a procession in the village to the accompaniment of pipes and drums. In the night a bonfire is lit and the animals are made to jump over the fire.

    It is a big event for the Tamils and the people of Andhra Pradesh. The Telugus like to call it 'Pedda Panduga' meaning big festival. The whole event lasts for four days, the first day Bhogi, the second day Sankranti, the third day Kanuma and the fourth day, Mukkanuma

 

 


 

 

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(3) 錫呂瑪塔吉的相關講話語錄 :

A. 印度Kalwe 1990年1月14日

 

「在印度,今天是要好好慶祝的日子,因為太陽運行至南回歸線,再從南回歸線返回達北回歸線。當太陽回到地球,母親大地的所有創造力便開始起作用。她創造了漂亮的東西如花朵,具滋養性的東西,以及使人滿足的東西如果實。她所創造的草木令我們的眼睛平靜下來,她以太陽的出現來顯示對我們多方面的祝福。......」

 

B. 印度浦尼 ( 普勒蒂斯坦大宅 ) 2002年1月14日

( 本文譯自英文稿,而英文稿則譯自母親馬拉地語的講話 )

 

Makar Sankranti ( 桑格拉提節 ) 的意思是 “Sankraman”,即是帶來轉變的一天。在這天,太陽開始移向北半球。在印度,所有的節日都是根據月亮的任置而訂定,這就是為甚麽他們的所有節日,每年都在不同的日子。桑格拉提節 ( Makar Sankranti ) 是根據太陽的位置而訂定,這就是這個節日每年都在1月14日慶祝的原因。

 

桑格拉提節那天表示太陽開始變得比較暖和。太陽的熱力對人類是仁慈的。因著太陽的熱力,我們能行走,能說話。太陽的熱力也令人類憤怒,就是因為這個原因,我們在這一天要吃 jaggery (以棕梠樹汁提煉的粗糖),以令我們說話甜美。

 

太陽的熱力負責所有蔬菜以及在地球上的財富。在這天,我們向女神 ( Devi ) 奉獻各種水果和蔬菜,並接受她的祝福。因著太初之母的祝福,大地元素冷卻下來,人類則得到進步。

 

桑格拉提節有文化上的意義。全印度的人都熱切地慶祝這個節日。在其他國家也有慶祝,但在印度這節日卻特別重要。印度的氣溫並不極端,氣候也很平衡。印度得到太初之母的祝福,其他的國家,並沒有這種平衡。其他地方的氣溫不是太熱就是太冷。若因為氣溫或大自然的改變,而令我們內在有所改變,那並不恰當。若我們對太陽的熱力感到憤怒,也並不恰當。生氣是錯誤的。在我們內裡的六個敵人,憤怒是最差勁的。我們是霎哈嘉瑜伽士,我們的靈量已經被喚醒,所以我們必須學懂怎樣保持冷靜。霎哈嘉瑜伽士通常都是好的以及已經進化的,只有約一個百份點的人是追逐金錢的,生他們的氣是很自然的事。令他們有所改善不是你的工作,是太初之母的工作。你必須令自己保持冷靜以進化成一位好的霎哈嘉瑜伽士。任何事情的發生都是因著神的恩典,你必須緊記這一點。有些人很壞,他們相信金錢是萬能的,在霎哈嘉瑜伽是沒有位置給予這些人。太初之母自會親自處理他們。...... 

 

你也可以懂得怎樣處理像這樣的情況。若要這樣,你必須非常精微以及保持無思慮的狀態。你必須擁有靈性上的知識。其他的欲望都是毫無用處,我們不應有世俗的欲望,霎哈嘉瑜伽士還需要進化更多。在大能的神的祝福下,你們都會到達這狀態,不須要擔憂,只須保持安靜。

 

桑格拉提的意思是太陽的力量,太陽的力量指自信心。太陽給予我們熱和光。現在是我們來決定,我們想被太陽的熱力燒焦,還是從太陽的光芒中得到自信心以及變得容光煥發。

 

給予你們永恆的祝福。」

-Gladys 譯

 

 

 

 

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